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Expert Consultation: Pigments & Skin Tone

It is very important to study the structure of the skin and factors that influence its natural colour. Among them we can distinguish the ones that have the impact on visible and barely visible blood vessels: the presence of hemoglobin and bilirubin in blood, carotene in adipocyte (fat cells), thickness of the skin and type of melanin. During micropigmentation, colouring is modified depending on the depth of the pigment implantation, its composition and the receiving skin’s colour.

As opposed to regular makeup applied with a contour pencil, which applies pigment onto the skin surface, permanent makeup injects the pigment under your skin. Make up applied with the regular contour pencil doesn’t adjust its colour to a certain skin type. However micropigmentation allows the skin to become a colour filter, which entirely changes the colour of the pigment. This means it is  necessary to evaluate the right skin sub tone. In order to achieve the best, most natural looking result, a cosmetic tattooist must accurately classify and categorize the skin into a certain colour range and also place the skin tone on the client's chromatic circle.

Naturally with age all skin types become thinner and consequently the blood vessels become more visible. The skin of a person who frequently tans their body might give the impression of it being more red or yellow.
There are other factors that may influence or completely change your skin colour, e.g certain illness and medications. Regular intake of iron or beta carotene also modifies the natural pigmentation of your skin.
Despite the popular opinion the colours used in micropigmentation and tattooing  are mainly SA transparent. The more pigment you apply the darker it will get, it’s comparable to applying blusher onto your cheekbones. The blusher darkens with each layer applied.

Alike in the permanent make-up the intensity of the colour is not only dependant on the selection of the darker or lighter pigment but also on its amount that’s being absorbed by the skin. It is important to remember that the final colour differs from the colour applied. The actual colour becomes visible after 28 days when pigment decreases by 30%. This process is not only dependant on the professionally performed treatment but also on immunological reactions and natural skin rejuvenating process.

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